Smith was personally in favor of the relaxation or repeal of Prohibition laws, because they had given rise to more criminality. Does it employ a well-known phrase, e.g., slang, song lyric, movie title, radio show, political or product slogan?  His four grandparents were Irish, German, Italian, and Anglo-Irish, but Smith identified with the Irish-American community and became its leading spokesman in the 1920s. After losing the nomination, Smith eventually campaigned for Roosevelt in 1932, giving a particularly important speech on behalf of the Democratic nominee at Boston on October 27 in which he "pulled out all the stops. ", Smith became highly critical of Roosevelt's New Deal policies, which he deemed a betrayal of good-government progressive ideals and ran counter to the goal of close cooperation with business. AREA BARRED TO TRAFFIC Mulrooney Takes Command to Avoid Roughness -- 3,000 at Columbus Circle Meeting. Historians agree that prosperity, along with widespread anti-Catholic sentiment against Smith, made Hoover's election inevitable. Each of them assumes a role in the cartoon, with FDR as the doctor, Congress as the caretaker, and Uncle Sam as the patient. Fulfilling a promise not to seek another term, incumbent Theodore Roosevelt endorsed William Taft, his Secretary of War, as the Republican successor. It also brought out the anti-Catholic vote, which was especially strong among white conservative Democrats in the South, although Smith was still successful within the states of the Deep South.. "The Brooklyn Bridge and I grew up together", Smith would later recall. Cartoons have several different levels of meaning. Kemble, Harper’s Weekly, March 12, 1910. Smith narrowly lost New York State, whose electors were biased against rural upstate and largely Protestant districts. All political cartoon images shown are from the Walt Reed Illustration Archive. 1908 Electoral Map, The American Presidency Project, “While the Doctors Disagree the Patient May Die,” E.W. The People's Party had gained some of its support through criticizing Cleveland's anti-depression measures. They span the years from 1921, when the $ ) %$ , ( %$ . ' By Thomas F. Schwartz. ", This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 00:35. Ink, graphite, and opaque white over graphite underdrawing on layered paper. In his political career, Smith built on his working-class beginnings, identifying himself with immigrants and campaigning as a man of the people. Historian Robert Slayton notes that Smith and Franklin Roosevelt did not reconcile until a brief meeting in June 1941, and he also suggests that during the early 1940s the antipathy which Smith held toward his former ally had waned. Editorial cartoons have been around since the early 18th century. Got 'Em on the Run: 32. Smith sought the 1932 Democratic nomination but lost to Franklin D. Roosevelt, his former ally and successor as Governor of New York. Bryan is the individual to the left, with both hands out of the water. At the convention, Smith's animosity toward Roosevelt was so great that he put aside longstanding rivalries to work with McAdoo and Hearst to block FDR's nomination for several ballots. Look it up now!  In 1938, Smith took to the airwaves to denounce Nazi brutality in the wake of Kristallnacht. That Great Wave of Prosperity: 30. Identify the tone of the cartoon. American Archives Month: What Is an Archive? The Governor's term was extended to four years in 1938, Article IV, New York Constitution. Smith served as vice chairman of the state commission appointed to investigate factory conditions after 146 workers died in the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire. Rafer Johnson, Olympic gold medalist, humanitarian, and actor, passed away on December 2, 2020. Another symbol in the picture is the bag that FDR is holding. Nixon's policies did not work. By now he was a leader of the Progressive movement in New York City and state. Smith then entered business in New York City, became involved in the construction and promotion of the Empire State Building, and became an increasingly vocal opponent of Roosevelt's New Deal. Chicago Nomination: 37. How does it encapsulate and enhance the cartoonist’s point? An increasingly chaotic convention balloted 100 times before both men accepted that neither would be able to win the two-thirds majority required to win, and so each withdrew. The political cartoon above depicts false prosperity conveyed during the 1920s. Smith was elected Governor of New York at the New York State election of 1918 with the help of Murphy and James A. Farley, who brought Smith the upstate vote. What are the 5 elements of a political cartoon needed to analyze it? The fiscal irresponsibility of the 1920s had come to fruition. In an address delivered to a joint Republican organizations in Spokane, Washington, November 5, 1938, former president Herbert Hoover rebutted President Franklin Roosevelt’s claim of “his success in creating economic stability, prosperity … Kenneth and Nancy Kranzberg Art & Architecture Library, Ronald Rettner Earth & Planetary Sciences Library, Scholarly Publishing and Digital Scholarship, Honoring “Black Champions” Interviewee Rafer Johnson (1934-2020), “Worst Among Housekeepers:” Perspectives on St. Louis and the 1918 Influenza Pandemic, Washington University Libraries Virtual Book Club, “Lunacy and Organization” in the William Gaddis Papers, Part 1, Film & Media Archive Receives Gift of Archival Materials from Kartemquin Films, Geography Awareness Week: A Look at Cartography and Rare Maps, Catch Online Screenings of “River City Drumbeat” and “Unapologetic” During St. Louis International Film Festival. Incumbent Republican Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover was greatly aided by national prosperity and the absence of American involvement in war; Smith lost in a landslide to him, losing six southern states but carrying the Deep South. This 1914 political cartoon 5 depicts President Wilson trying to fix the pump of business prosperity by pouring in currency and enacting both tariff and anti-trust legislation. The Political Puzzle: 38. This is the first in a three-part series of political cartoons by Puck magazine. The political cartoons of the 1908 and 1912 presidential campaigns are particularly illuminating, as they so clearly depict the same shifting balances of power, the intra-party divisiveness, and the debates over economic policy that we see today. How do they convey the cartoon’s meaning? To analyze a political cartoon… But just as the opposition was at its peak, some unexpected events changed the situation. Starting with the issue of fire safety, they studied broader issues of the risks of injury in the factory environment. Two Industries That Show Abundant Signs of Revival: 39. A collection of cartoons and posters mocking the suffragette campaigns for votes for women : Suffragette Plain Things Suffragettes Who Have Never Been Kissed c.1910 UK Origin and Development of a Suffragette When Women Wear Pants, c.1915 USA We Want He supported the Anti-Nazi boycott of 1933 and addressed a mass-meeting at Madison Square Garden against Nazism that March. Smith carried the ten most populous cities in the United States, an indication of the rising power of the urban areas and their new demographics. Another major controversial issue was the continuation of Prohibition, which was widely considered a problem to enforce. 1918 was the first time women voted for governor of New York, and Alfred E. Smith was the first governor elected with more than 1 million votes. The People's Party had gained some of its support through criticizing Cleveland's anti-depression measures. "Working-Class Conservationism in New York: Governor Alfred E. Smith and 'The Property of the People of the State'", Colburn, David R. "Governor Alfred E. Smith and the Red Scare, 1919-20,", Rulli, Daniel F. "Campaigning in 1928: Chickens in Pots and Cars in Backyards,", Schwarz, Jordan A. It reached the peak of its influence in 1884, when in New York state the Prohibition Party presidential candidate polled enough votes to insure that the Democrat, Grover Cleveland, carried the state and the electoral college. Study the title. With the 2016 presidential election so rapidly approaching, it seems only fitting to look back at past elections for insight and perspective. Although he was not asked by Roosevelt to play any role in the war effort, Smith was an active and vocal proponent of FDR's attempts to amend the Neutrality Act in order to allow "Cash and Carry" sales of war equipment to be made to the British. History. In November 1915, he was elected Sheriff of New York County, New York. Captioning & Labeling 5. The political cartoon above dates to 1910, and while it precedes the 1912 election, it nevertheless foreshadows that election’s issues and consequences. But, given the much-expanded electorate, his historic total still represented only a plurality of votes. 10 Provocative Political Cartoons That Shaped Public Opinion. The fact that Smith was Catholic and the descendant of Catholic immigrants was instrumental in his loss of the election of 1928. With the 2016 presidential election so rapidly approaching, it seems only fitting to look back at past elections for insight and perspective. The League published pamphlets and sponsored radio programs, arguing that the New Deal was destroying personal liberty. cartoon’s meaning? You can start at the beginning or skip ahead to a later part of Roosevelt's career. Cartoons have several different levels of meaning. In 1939 Smith was appointed a Papal Chamberlain of the Sword and Cape, one of the highest honors which the Papacy bestowed on a layman. Kemble, Harper’s Weekly, June 27, 1908. Smith offered alcohol to guests at the Executive Mansion in Albany, and repealed the state's Prohibition enforcement statute, the Mullan-Gage law.. , 1944, of a political cartoon… What is the first Catholic to be nominated for,. Herblock 's History - political cartoons from the Walt Reed Illustration Archive the next election, he elected. From wet and dry perspectives appear on the following pages early and vocal critic of the 1920s had come fruition! 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